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Like this: Like Loading This entry was posted in AnthropologyHistoryNepali surnamesUncategorized and tagged BahunbhojpuribrahmanChhetriGurungJanajatijirelJyapukamikayasthaKhadgilimbumadhesiMagarmaithilmuslimNepalNepalinepali surnameNewarPariyarRaiRajopadhyayarajputsherpaShresthasunarsunuwarsurnameTamangthakaliThakuriTharuYadav. Bookmark the permalink. August 29, at pm. Prerit Rajkarnikar says:. September 29, at pm. November 8, at am. Rahish Dumre says:. January 2, at pm.
Mahima Chaudhary says:. April 16, at pm. July 17, at pm. Subhash Singh says:. August 11, at pm. Baral rajput in nepal ke ware me kux btao yar Baral thar wale 70 pandit hote he 15chhetri hote he 10rajput hote Main to Baral Rajput hoon.
Tek raj reule says:.It is a Khas occupational caste belonging to blacksmiths. Band Assam ; some have settled in other parts of India as well. They are also known as Vishwakarma or Bishwakarma. The Kami are traditionally held to be the descendants of God or Lord Vishwakarma. They are one sub-caste from other Vishwakarma sub-caste to kami they have their own identity and occupation and language. The word kami may derive from the Sanskrit word karma or kammeaning "work".
They are also expert performers of the traditional folk dance Maruni Nritya.
Caste system in Nepal
According to the Nepal census, there were a total ofKami, of whom According to Nepal censusKami make up 4. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ethnic groups in Nepal by by language family. Central Tibetans Kachee Burig. Nepal portal. Khas Jumli - speakers Miyan. Newar Muslim. Indian Maithil Bihari Bhojpuri Bajjika etc.
Awadhi other Madhesi H U. Kumauni Kashmiris Kumhali Kushbadiya Guhari. Korean Filipino Russian.Vba refresh all queries
Janajati Madheshi Janajati. Adivasi Simantakrit. About one third of Madhesi people are of Indian ancestry while the other two thirds are indigenous. Hidden categories: "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters Articles containing Nepali-language text All stub articles.
Newar caste system
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Eastern Pahari Khas Jumli - speakers Miyan. This Nepal -related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.Primarily associated with India, caste systems in one form or another are evident the world over. The difference with Nepal is that the ideals behind the caste system were made illegal in Even if such inference is not openly admitted.
The decaying decadence of Nepal’s caste system
Of these, only 3, or 3. There are also several organisations within castes that try to help those facing discrimination due to caste.
And in doing so have move up in caste themselves. While many may read the above and wonder why anyone would want a caste system you might be surprised to learn that many people actually feel comfortable with it. Or at least have become so comfortable with it that they are used to it. Take a Mr. He grows and sells rice for the markets as have his family for as long as they can remember.
They are known and respected for what they do within the caste system. Mr Ranpal knows where he stands in Nepalese society.
Even without work he will never be asked to sweep a road, clean a toilet, or bake bricks. He will be asked to farm.Zynq 7000 product table
With little education other than tilling the land for centuries Mr. Ranpal is a respected man of knowledge. He has security and pride in being Vaishya.
If any wrong is ever done to him there are several groups that represent his caste who will protect him. So the merchant will have nothing to sell.
That is until he pays Mr Ranpal what he is owed. For some belonging to caste is much like a workers union. Breaking such caste dictates would result in punishment by death, fines, removal from their caste demotionor imprisonment.
Today such punishments are illegal by way of legislation. However if you think about how this has been instilled into people for generations and the lack of nationwide education in Nepal today.
You might guess correctly that the caste system is still in place.First introduced at the time of the Licchavis A. According to various historical sources, even though the presence of varna and caste had been known as an element in the social structure of the Kathmandu Valley since the Licchavi period c. Various existing and immigrant population of Kathmandu Valley have assimilated among the four varnas accordingly. It is believed that most of the existing indigenous people were incorporated under the Shudra varna of farmers and working-class population.
Unlike the Hindu caste systems prevalent in Khas and Madhesi societies, the existence and influence of Buddhist "ex-monks" from ancient times in the Kathmandu Valley added a "double-headed" element to the Newar caste system.TOP 10 CASTE (ETHNIC GROUP POPULATION) OF NEPAL !! TOP 10 SERIES : EP 11 !! ACM NEPAL !!
The distinction between Hindu and Buddhist is largely irrelevant from here onward as the castes occupying the Shudra varna Jyapu and below do not differentiate between the either and profess both the religions equally and with great fervour.
Majority of the Newars, in fact, participate in many of the observances of both religions. The Newar castes, Buddhist as well as Hindu, are no less pollution-conscious than the Khas and the Madhesis. Caste endogamy, however, which has been one of the main methods of maintaining status in India, is not strictly observed in Nepal by either the Newars or the Khasas.
The strictest rules governing the relations between members of different castes are those pertaining to commensality. Boiled rice and dal a sauce made of lentilsin particular, must not be accepted from a person of lower caste. Other rules further restrict social intermingling between the castes, but they tend to be treated more casually. The most successful attempt at imposing the caste system was made in the 19th century by Jung Bahadur Kunwar who was very keen to have his own status raised.
He became the first of the Ranas and his task was to establish the legitimacy of Ranas and secure his control over the land. He succeeded in introducing the caste system to a much greater degree and rigidity than Jayasthitimallathe Malla king had done just over five hundred years before him.Tokusatsu 2019
The last Newar noble to hold some power, Kaji Tribhuvan Pradhan, was beheaded in a court intrigue in A. The Newars, as a block, were reduced to the status of an occupied subject race, and except for a loyal family or two, they were stripped of their social status and economic foothold.
Even Newar Brahmins who had been serving as priests for Newars lost ritual status vis-a-vis the "Hill Brahman", the Parbate Bahunsof the Khas people community. The old Newar upper caste, the Shresthawere also reduced to Matawali status. Till A. In A. They were not admitted in the army till A. Economically, the position of the Newars was weakened by the diversion of Tibet trade from the Chumbi Valley route since s A. Although Jung Bahadur and his descendants were well disposed to a few clientele Newar families, the years of their family rule was not a golden age of Newar social history.
It was only those clientele Newar families patronized by the Ranas who succeeded in upgrading their social and economic status by imitating new norms of the Rana Durbar. As a consequence, among the Newars, caste has become more complex and stratified than among the non-Newar group. This latter group may consider all Newar people to be equally Matawali, essentially placing all upper-caste Newars in the Vaishya varna and lower-caste Newars among the clean Shudras, but this has never been the perception of the Newars themselves.The Nepalese caste system the traditional system of social stratification of Nepal.
Since the unification of Nepal in the 18th century, Nepal's various indigenous "Janajati" tribes as well as few Madhesi castes have been incorporated within the caste hierarchy. Nepalese caste system broadly borrows the classical Chaturvarnashram model consisting of four broad social classes or varna : BrahminKshatriyaVaishya and Sudra.
The social structure of caste-origin Hill Hindu or Khas groups is simple, reflecting only three groups in hierarchy and there is no four Varna within this category. The mother tongue of these groups is Nepali. The social structure of the caste-origin Madhesi Hindu groups is complex, reflecting four Varna groups with distinct hierarchical structure within them.
These various cultural groups belong to four distinct language groups: MaithiliBajika, BhojpuriTharu and Awadhi. This group not only presents the complicated social structure among all groups in Nepal, truly reflecting the model of four Hindu varna categories but is also clearly divided into two distinct religious groups: the Hindu and the Buddhist. Newars are divided internally into distinct cultural groups of over 25 occupational caste categories, though they share a common language mother-tongue Nepal Bhasa.
It was rooted in traditional Hindu Law and codified social practices for several centuries in Nepal.
It was an attempt to include the entire Hindu as well as non-Hindu population of Nepal of that time into a single hierarchic civic code from the perspective of the Khas rulers. This is why even the Brahmins of Newars and Terai were officially placed below the Khas Kshatriya - an uncommon placement as Brahmins are always "superior" in status to Kshatriyas in traditional Hindu societies.Ze top prono gratuit
Terai - Brahmin referred in the code as Indian Brahmins. The social values preached by the Muluki Ain, however, were providing restrictive, anachronic and out of step with the spirit of times.
These values were seen as a potent instrument of Rana political repression. After the Rana regime, caste rules relating to food, drink and intercaste marriage were openly louted but the Muluki Ain had not been abrogated.
The legal recognition to caste and all the discriminatory laws made on the grounds of caste were ceased. Brahman is a colloquial Khas language Brahmin caste, who are traditionally priests, educators, scholars and preachers of Hinduism. By tradition and by civil law until — they represented the highest of the four Hindu varna or castes. The Brahmin castes may be broadly divided into two regional groups: Pancha-Gauda Brahmins and Pancha-Dravida Brahmins as per the shloka, however this shloka is from Rajatarangini of Kalhana which was composed only in 11th CE and many communities find their traces from sages mentioned in much older Vedas and puranas.
The Khas-Brahmin community form a major chunk of the community of Nepal. They settled first in the Karnali River basin, then the Gandaki. Khas - Chhetri people, traditional soldiers and administrators are considered as Kshatriyas of Khas community. Rajput, Kayastha, Rajbhat castes are considered as Kshatriyas of Madhesi community. Agricultural and historically farmer groups like YadavKushwahaKoeriKurmi have in recent times also claimed Kshatriya descent.
The 3rd varna includes people from the Vaishya varna, mainly merchants, farmers, cattle-herders and artisans. Newar community's various Vaishya castes include hereditary commercial, mercantile, and crafts castes primarily the two dominant groups -Hindu Panchthariya Shresthas and Buddhist Uray Tuladhar, Kansakar, Tamrakar, etc. The 4th varna includes people from the Sudradamai varna, mainly laborers, artisans and service providers.
Originally they were called different names according to which instruments they played. Darji was once used only for tailors, but now it is used for all tailors as well as musicians. Similarly, damai or damahi has also undergone extension of its meaning.
Initially it only meant someone who played the damaha. Now it is used for the entire caste. Surnames PariyarNepaliDarji"viswakarma" and others have come in vogue recently. The caste system is still intact today but the rules are not as rigid as they were in the past.
Ina law was passed making it illegal to discriminate against other castes led all castes to be equally treated by the law.
Education is free and open to all castes. Recent research has also shown that when it comes to Nepali people's impressions of social change, "Poverty, Human Resources and Region" explain more of the variation than "Ethnicity, Caste or Religious belonging" - i.
Participation of Khas-Brahmins in Civil Service is Darai is one of the nationalities of Nepal. Darai is an ethnic group. Darai caste is one of marginalised Group of Indigenous Nationalities in Nepal. They are the Indigenous people of Nepal since long. Total number of Darai ethnic is 14, in Nepal, according to Census Total number of Darai ethnic is 16, in Nepal, according to Census B.
The greatest number of them have been living in the inner Nepal for several thousand years. Most of this people live in Chitwan, Tanhun, Nawalparasi, Gorkha, Palpa and Dhading districts in the area of western and central of Nepal. In a few studies is reported about the origin of Darai. Darais are Mongolian stock with short stature, depress nasal ruts and they have stumpy nose. They display great health and strength. Man and woman both work in the field and keep cow, sheep, goat and hen at home.
They take that wine as breakfast in the morning and the evening. They respect their guests having the wine in Darai society.
They worship separate from all others and they use the wine for worship. They have their own language, custom, religion, traditional rituals and festivals from birth to death and own traditional homeland or geographical area. They have their own distinct identity, social structure and unwritten history. Nonetheless on the basis of darai's distinct identity, traditional rites, customs and festivals, there is no any doubt that they are complete natural lovers and ethnic peoples living in the land since time immemorial.
They have their own gods and they have traditional belief shaman who treats their diseases. They worship natural things as god and goddess. So they say that their religion is naturalism prakritipujak.
Many years ago Darais were owner of the large land but nowadays more than half of darais people are landless. They are unemployment lack of good education. They have no any other income except agriculture.A small number are also found in the Terai region of Nepal. Darzi means tailor in Hindustani.
They are also known as Idrisi or Idrisi Shaikh. The Darzi claim descent from Idris Enochone of the biblical prophets. According to their traditions, Idris was the first person to learn the art of sewing.
The word Darzi literally means business of tailor in Hindustani. It is said to be derived from the Persian word darzanwhich means to sew. This is also the commonly accepted derivation of the name of the non-related religion Druze. They are also divided on a linguistic basis, with those of North India speaking various dialects of Urdu,  while those of Punjab speaking Punjabi.
The Punjabi Darzi are said to be converts from the Hindu Chhimba caste, and have several territorial divisions. These include the Sirhindi, Deswal and Multani. Gujarati Darjis are branched out into Vanza and Sai Suthar majogothia. The Shaikh Idrisi, or Darzi, as they prefer to be known, are still essentially involved with their traditional occupation of tailoring and garment-related work.
Many urban Idrisi have now opened big shops and showrooms, or are employed in the textile industry, while the new generation of Idrishi caste are largely educated and many are employed doing government jobs or settled in Gulf countries.
They have a traditional community council which still exercises some control over matters of social behavior. Most Darzi who migrated to Karachi are Turki sheikhs who had taken up the profession out of poverty and lack of better professions.
They are still called Turki in local areas.
Turki or Turki Darzi are very fair and have Uighur genetic makeup. Their women and men still look like Central Asians, with little beards, sharp features, and deep low eyes. There are also mixes of Moghuls and Turks in India.
Most Turki have now left this profession in order to become highly-paid professionals like doctors, engineers, and professors. They also run large garments businesses in Noida, India. Normally, they use "Osmani" or "Uddin" as their surname, but recently, due to the benefits in India quota system, they have also started using "Idrisi". The Idrisi of Jharkhand have a common origin with those of Biharand intermarry.
The community speak the Angika dialect of Hindi. Most Idrisis are still engaged in tailoring, but many Idrisis, particularly in Jharkhand are now farmers. Their customs are similar to other Bihari Muslims. In Pakistanthe Darzi are, in fact, two distinct communities, the Delhiwal Idrissis, who are found among the Muhajir ethnic group, and the Chhimba Darzi, who are ethnically Punjabi.
The former are immigrants from Delhi and Uttar Pradesh in India.
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